The Planetary Principles a Madrian Literature Circle Paper sent in 1980 to Mr David Kay

The Planetary Principles a Madrian Literature Circle Paper (Ordo Lux Madriana – Light of the Mother God Supreme) sent to Mr David Kay (present-day Madrian devotee & archivist) in 1980

Free PDF here: http://filianicstudies.org/cms/items/show/18

The Geniae

We must now consider briefly the Geniae which govern the seven principles. The outward forms given here are charged with a powerful symbolism, although the Geniae may appear in visions under different forms. When we speak of, for example, the daughter of a Genia, we are not, of course, referring to a physical relationship, but to a Genia or other entity operating “below” her in the same sphere. Nevertheless, the image is not merely figurative, but symbolises the ineffable equivalent of a personal relationship as it exists in those who transcend the limits of personality. We will take them in their spectral order. [1]

Niké: Usually seen as a warrior in a metal breastplate and short robe. Her head is wreathed with laurel and she has wings of an extremely wide span. She holds a sword, sometimes flaming. Traditionally she leads the forces of light in battle against the forces of darkness.

Theia: A mature maid of majestic appearance, surrounded by a golden radiance; often riding upon a lion or drawn in a golden chariot by lions. Sometimes winged, sometimes not, she breathes a spirit of joy and abundance.

Metis: Takes on many forms, but is often robed in yellow and seated cross-legged with palms facing outward in an attitude of Intellectual realisation and unbroken repose, like eastern representations of Tara. But at other times she becomes Nimwë, the enchantress and trickster. Her spirit animates the Ranya*** and all her unpredictable acts are made to lead the pupil to her own realisation; but those who trust mere reason she leads in endless circles through the labyrinth of illusion until they shall see the folly of their ways. For matter is illusion and only the “single eye” of Intellect may penetrate it. Her principle daughter is Pallas Athene, the Genia of wisdom and knowledge – in true science, based upon eternal Principles rather than on the contingent “facts” of the material realm.

Tethys: dressed in flowing robes, sometimes, though not always, green, often standing upon the waves or surrounded by sea. She is never winged, but is of overwhelming beauty. Her name means “disposer” or “orderer” [?]**** – a title of the Mother as Creatrix, and essentially, she is said to reflect Her creative activity upon the material plane. She is the sister of Themis.

Themis: The allegorical figure of “justice” is a corruption of the image of Themis, and sometimes she does hold a pair of scales, but more usually a lyre or other musical instrument, symbolising harmony. Grace and rhythm are her keynotes, rather than severity. The element of balance enters through the strict measure that is required to maintain the precision of music or dance. All her actions, al her movements are in perfect proportion. She is the embodiment of “The universal music of Eternity”. She is usually winged and often robed in blue. Her principal daughter is Moira, Genia of personal fate.

Rhea: may appear as an old woman carrying a scythe, or else as the Earth Mother, bearing a wooden staff, and surrounded by the half-light of deep forest. In each case she is a profoundly mysterious figure surrounded by an air of tremendous ancientness, stretching back beyond the very dawn of time. In both forms also, she is an awe-inspiring figure, but in the first there is also a deep but nameless feeling of dread associated with the vision.

Phoebe: a priestess veiled and robed in violet and/or silvery white. She is of a semi-ethereal appearance, and very youthful, often appearing as a child-priestess like those of certain matriarchal societies. She may also appear as Artemis, Our Lady of the Wild Things, sometimes accompanied by a fawn. In each case she is surrounded by a spirit of wildness in the sense of absolute purity and simplicity “Let your souls be simple as the running deer, My children, and your hearts as little children filled with wonder” (Teachings). Her purity leads beyond the boundaries of the world.

Ritual Correspondences

The following tables give various forms which correspond symbolically to the seven principles, and which may therefore be used and/or visualised in ritual invocation and meditation in order to attune oneself to the appropriate ray and to set up a sympathetic vibration which will attract its influence:

TABLE 1

Planet Genia Colour Metal Keynote Tonic Scale Virtue
Mars Nike red iron E Me courage
Sun Theia orange gold C Do generosity
Mercury Metis yellow mercury F Fa wisdom
Venus Tethys green copper A La love
Jupiter Themis blue tin G So faith
Saturn Rhea indigo lead B Te humility
Moon Phoebe Violet silver D Re purity

TABLE 2

Planet Gem Tree Creature Incense
Mars ruby holly wolf jasmin, aloes, sulphur, tobacco.
Sun diamond birch lion saffron, myrrh, cloves, cinnamon.
Mercury opal hazel owl mastic, mace, storax, nutmeg.
Venus emerald apple dove rose, amber, patcholi, sandlewood.
Jupiter sapphire oak eagle balm, nutmeg, cloves, cinnamon.
Saturn onyx alder crow civet, musk, aloes, brimstone.
Moon crystal willow deer frankincense, white sandlewood,

(Please note spelling mistakes have been left uncorrected: patchouli and sandalwood.)

***A Ranya is one who has attained Intellectual realisation and guides her pupils to the same achievement. Other paths than that of pure Intellect also have their Ranyas.

****Cognate with Greek τιθέναι

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Observations & the Origins of correspondences:

Disclaimer
The Madrians and present-day Madrians/Filianics/Déanics did not/do not use the Titanides/Titanesses in classical myth as Divine Forms for the Living Streams of Déa known as Geniae/Janati/Janae. For the founder Madrians it was just the etymology of their names which was important. I use only the Madrian names ie the Titanides/Titanesses throughout this article.

[1] These attributes and tables of Geniae are ordered by “spectral order” which means:

“Any simple prism (i.e. rainbow, crystal, broken glass, etc.) that separates the white light of the Sun into a group of Seven Rays of different colors is know[n] as a “spectrum”. When light passes into the prism it slows down and bends. These seven colors always appear in the same order in the Spectrum. The colors of the Spectrum are red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet. (Interestingly, you can make up a name using the first letter of each color of the spectrum to form a person’s name: “ROY G BIV” ).

This [These] phenomena must have seemed magical and mystical to the Ancients. As such they began to couple the idea of the Seven Rays with Astrology and Alchemy and the result was a magical practice of predicting the future and nature of things.”

Scott Ramsey
June 20th, 2018
http://www.awarenessofnothing.com/mystery-of-the-seven-rays.html

Further Information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seven_rays

2.) Definition of Genia

Origin of goddesses Associated with the 7 Classical Planets
Planet | Greek / Roman – Latin Titanide Name
Mars | Dione / Dione (Daughter of Tethys)

(Nike/Victoria, Daughter of Styks-Oleis/Pallas, Granddaughter of Tethys…Niece of Dione + Metis, Cousin of Aphrodite/Venus … substituted for Dione by the Madrians (who were monarchists) probably because of the meaning of her name: in both war and peace and due to Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Empress of India.)

Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Νικη Nikê Victoria Victory (nikê)

NIKE (Nicé) was the winged goddess of victory–victory both in war and in peaceful competition.
Nike was not an oracular goddess.

Dione was an oracular goddess at Dodona.

http://www.theoi.com/Daimon/Nike.html

http://www.theoi.com/Titan/TitanisDione.html
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Planet | Greek / Roman – Latin Titanide Name
Sun | Theia / Theia

Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Θεια Theia Theia Divine Inspiration, Prophesy (theiazô)
Θεα Thea Thea Sight, Seeing (thea, theaomai)
Αιθρη Aithrê Aethra Blue Sky, Ether (aithrê)
Ευρυφαεσσα Euryphaessa Euryphaessa Wide-Shining (eury-, phaethô)
Ιχναιη Ikhnaiê Ichnaea Tracing, Tracking (ikhneuô)

A. The ancient Greeks believed the eyes emitted a beam of invisible light–much like a lamp–which allowed one to see whatever it touched. Hence Theia, mother of sight (thea), was also the mother of the light-beaming sun, moon and dawn.
B. Theia was apparently a female aspect of the primordial deity Aither–the shining ether of the blue sky. In this role she is fittingly described as a daughter of Heaven and mother of the Sun, Moon and Dawn.
C. Theia was also an oracular goddess whose name is connected with the word theiazô, “to divine or prophecy.” The Homeric Hymn to Delian Apollo seems to equate her with Ikhnaie (Ichnaea), “the tracing goddess,” who possessed an oracular shrine at Ikhnai in Phthiotis.

http://www.theoi.com/Titan/TitanisTheia.html
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Planet | Greek / Roman – Latin Titanide Name
Mercury | Metis / Metis (Daughter of Tethys)

(Metis meaning good counsel, planning, cunning and wisdom, is sometimes substituted for Mnemosyne the Titan goddess of memory / remembrance and the inventress of language. She represented the rote memorisation required to preserve the stories of history and the sagas of myth before the introduction of writing. Probably substituted by the Madrians because of the meaning of her name.)

Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Μητις Mêtis Metis Counsel (mêtis)

Mnemosyne presided over the underground oracle of Trophonios (Trophonius) in Boiotia (Boeotia).
Metis was not an oracular goddess.

http://www.theoi.com/Titan/TitanisMetis.html

http://www.theoi.com/Titan/TitanisMnemosyne.html
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Planet | Greek / Roman – Latin Titanide Name
Venus | Tethys / Tethys

Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Τηθυς Têthys Tethys Nurse, Grandmother

Tethys was the Titan goddess of the primal font of fresh water which nourishes the earth.
Tethys was not an oracular goddess.

http://www.theoi.com/Titan/TitanisTethys.html
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Planet | Greek / Roman – Latin Titanide Name
Jupiter | Themis / Themis

Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Θεμις Themis Themis Divine Law, Custom

Themis was the Titan goddess of divine law and order–the traditional rules of conduct first established by the gods. She was also a prophetic goddess who presided over the most ancient oracles, including Delphoi (Delphi). In this role, she was the divine voice (themistes) who first instructed mankind in the primal laws of justice and morality, such as the precepts of piety, the rules of hospitality, good governance, conduct of assembly, and pious offerings to the gods. In Greek, the word themis referred to divine law, those rules of conduct long established by custom. Unlike the word nomos, the term was not usually used to describe laws of human decree.

http://www.theoi.com/Titan/TitanisThemis.html
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Planet | Greek / Roman – Latin Titanide Name
Saturn | Rhea / Ops

Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Ρεια Ρεα Rheia, Rhea Ops, Opis Flow, Ease (rhea)

Rheia was the goddess of female fertility, motherhood, and generation. Her name means “flow” and “ease.” She represented the eternal flow of time and generations; as the great Mother (Meter Megale). She was also a goddess of comfort and ease, a blessing. Rhea was closely identified with the Anatolian mother-goddess Kybele (Cybele). They were both depicted as matronly women, usually wearing a turret crown, and attended by lions.

http://www.theoi.com/Titan/TitanisRhea.html
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Planet | Greek / Roman – Latin Titanide Name
Moon | Phoibe / Phoebe

Greek Name Transliteration Latin Spelling Translation
Θεμις Themis Themis Divine Law, Custom

Her name was derived from the Greek words phoibos “bright” or “radiant”, phoibazô “to prophesy” and phoibaô “to purify”. She was the third goddess to hold the great oracle of Delphoi (Delphi) which she in turn bestowed upon her grandson Apollon.

http://www.theoi.com/Titan/TitanisPhoibe.html
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3.) Metals are the origin of the Colours Associated with the 7 Classical Planets
and
4.) Alchemy is the origin of the Metals Associated with the 7 Classical Planets
See this page: https://deanic.com/janae-colours-planets-metals/

5. & 6.) Origin of Keynote & Tonic Scale Associated with the 7 Classical Planets
Seek information

7.) Geniae Virtues

8.) Gemstones Associated with the 7 Classical Planets
Not Vedic
http://www.astrogems.com/planetary_gem_table.php#1

Book to read:
The magical and spiritual uses of the seven sacred gemstones–diamond, sapphire, emerald, jasper, topaz, ruby, and amethyst.
Drawing on Hindu, Jewish, pre-Columbian, and Greco-Roman magical traditions with precious stones as well as their use by great initiates of history.

Stones of the Seven Rays: The Science of the Seven Facets of the Soul
By Michel Coquet
PDF Epub: https://kisslibrary.com/book/D7093C0C3DFFE0276600?

9.) Origin of Trees Associated

In Ireland, there are Seven Sacred (“Chieftan”) Trees of the Grove.
Given in the spectral – colour order [I do not know the ancient order] these are
Holly
Birch
Hazel
apple
oak
alder
willow
according to Robert Graves in ‘The White Goddess’

He published The White Goddess: A Historical Grammar of Poetic Myth in 1948; it is a study of the nature of poetic inspiration, interpreted in terms of the classical and Celtic mythology he knew so well. Graves’ “Tree Calendar” has no relation to any historical Celtic calendar. His interpretations rather rely on the book Ogygia by the 17th-century bard Roderick O’Flaherty.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_White_Goddess

He is perhaps most often associated with his elaborate history of Ireland, Ogygia, published in 1685 as Ogygia: seu Rerum Hibernicarum Chronologia & etc., in 1793 translated into English by Rev. James Hely, as

“Ogygia, or a Chronological account of Irish Events (collected from Very Ancient Documents faithfully compared with each other & supported by the Genealogical & Chronological Aid of the Sacred and Profane Writings of the Globe”

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ruaidhr%C3%AD_%C3%93_Flaithbheartaigh

Olivia Melian Durdin-Robertson, known as Olivia Robertson (13 April 1917 – 14 November 2013) was an author, artist, co-founder and high priestess of the Fellowship of Isis. Olivia Robertson was descended from the theologian Richard Graves, a cousin of the author Robert Graves.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olivia_Robertson

Relationships:

The birch family is a group of flowering plants of tree or shrub form that includes the birches (Betula), alders (Alnus), hornbeams (Carpinus), and hazels (Corylus). [1]

Sun – Theia (“face” of Bright/Celestial Mother) – Birch
Mercury – Metis (Wisdom is Celestial Mother & Her Holy Daughter) – Hazel
Saturn – Rhea (“face” of Dark as in mysterious/Great Mother) – Alder
(no hornbeam)

[1] http://science.jrank.org/pages/919/Birch-Family-Betulaceae.html#ixzz5VpX8CnYV

Mars – Holly – Kyria (Lady) Nike

noun plural -lies
1.
any tree or shrub of the genus Ilex, such as the Eurasian I. aquifolium, having bright red berries and shiny evergreen leaves with prickly edges

Collins English Dictionary. Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers

Word origin of ‘holly’
Old English holegn; related to Old Norse hulfr, Old High German hulis, German Hulst, Old Slavonic kolja prick

~~~

3.
designating a family (Aquifoliaceae, order Celastrales) of dicotyledonous trees and shrubs, including the dahoon and black alder

Webster’s New World College Dictionary, 4th Edition. Copyright © 2010 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. All rights reserved.

Word origin of ‘holly’
ME holi, holin < OE holegn < IE base *kel-, to prick > Welsh celyn, holly, Sans kaṫambá-, arrow

Both from https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/holly

~~~
common holly is one of Britain’s few native evergreen trees.
Common holly, Ilex aquifolium, is the most widely grown holly in British gardens but there are 500 to 600 other species worldwide. Common holly is a hardy tree or shrub, capable of surviving in most conditions, except where it is extremely wet. Its distinctive spiny leaves deter grazing animals and protect birds from predators as they feed on its bright red berries. It is dioecious, meaning it has separate male and female plants.
Common holly in Britain
True holly woods, of the kind found in Epping Forest, the Welsh Marches and as groups of huge unpollarded trees in Cumbria, are relatively unusual. Holly sometimes forms large circular groves of trees in the wild, such as in the New Forest in Hampshire, but otherwise occurs among mixed woodland and in hedgerows.
http://powo.science.kew.org/taxon/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:83051-1

~~~

Victory
In both myth and history (and in both Europe and the Americas) holly wood has been used for arrows and spears. With little berries (actually “drups”) that resemble – both energetically and literally – the warrior planet Mars, holly has a fierceness that lends itself to victory.

https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=e-CqDQAAQBAJ&pg=PT253&dq=mars+holly+tree
The Magic of Trees: A Guide to Their Sacred Wisdom & Metaphysical Properties
By Tess Whitehurst

In Roman culture

Saturn was worshiped in a winter festival called the Saturnalia, which occurred around the time of the winter solstice. The Saturnalia began on December 17; originally the ritual only lasted for one day. In later years, however, the celebration lasted for seven days. It consisted of a winter solstice celebration marked by carnival, exchange of gifts, feasting, license and misrule, and a cessation of all public works. Masters served slaves; kings were chosen by lot, usually from among criminals or slaves, to preside over the feast, given ass ears, and then slain. A sacrificial victim was chosen to represent both the god himself and the king-surrogate. He was slain and sent to the underworld to merge with his divine counterpart. Its riotous indulgence is the source of the phrase Saturnalia of crime. It is said to have merged into the Christmas festival.

https://www.wyzant.com/resources/lessons/english/etymology/planets/saturn

Roman citizens decorated their homes with garlands of evergreens and tied jolly holly clippings to the presents they exchanged.
https://www.thesun.co.uk/living/2405715/ever-wondered-why-holly-is-a-symbol-of-christmas-heres-the-interesting-reason-why/

Romans would send a wreath of holly as a symbol of congratulations to newlyweds.
https://www.gardenguides.com/120969-meaning-holly-plants-christmas.html

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Sun – Birch – Kyria (Lady) Theia

Birch

noun
1.
any betulaceous tree or shrub of the genus Betula, having thin peeling bark

Collins English Dictionary. Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers

Word origin of ‘birch’
Old English bierce; related to Old High German birihha, Sanskrit bhūrja

~~~

5.
designating a family (Betulaceae, order Fagales) of dicotyledonous shrubs and trees, including the hazels, alders, and hornbeams

Webster’s New World College Dictionary, 4th Edition. Copyright © 2010 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. All rights reserved.

Word origin of ‘birch’
ME birche < OE beorc < IE base *bhereĝ-, to gleam, white > bright

Both from https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/birch

~~~

One of the most familiar trees of the British countryside, the graceful silver birch is a genuine native, growing here since the end of the Ice Age. Its papery-white bark – almost pink in young trees – distinguishes it from the downy birch (Betula pubescens) which has reddish bark that turns grey with age and is usually found in wetter habitats in the uplands.
http://powo.science.kew.org/taxon/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:295174-1

Downy Birch (Betula pubescens)
Common name: downy birch, moor birch, white birch, common white birch, European white birch
Found throughout Europe downy birch grows more commonly in wet soil such as peat bogs and clay than silver birch.
https://www.woodlandtrust.org.uk/visiting-woods/trees-woods-and-wildlife/british-trees/native-trees/downy-birch/

Silver Birch (Betula pendula)
Common name: silver birch
Silver birch is a popular garden tree and often hybridises with our other native birch, the downy birch, Betula pubescens which is more common in Scotland. Tolerant of a range of temperatures, it grows as far south as Spain and as far north as Lapland. It thrives in dry woodlands, downs and heaths.

In early Celtic mythology, the birch symbolised renewal and purification. Bundles of birch twigs were used to drive out the spirits of the old year, and gardeners still use the birch besom, or broom, to ‘purify’ their gardens. It is also used as a symbol of love and fertility. In Scottish Highland folklore, a barren cow herded with a birch stick would become fertile, and a pregnant cow would bear a healthy calf.

Birch wood is tough and heavy, making it suitable for making furniture, handles and toys. It was used to make bobbins, spools and reels for the Lancashire cotton industry. The bark is used for tanning leather.
https://www.woodlandtrust.org.uk/visiting-woods/trees-woods-and-wildlife/british-trees/native-trees/silver-birch/

~~~

This solar association is paralleled when we learn the druids carried birch bark with them as kindling. Birch serves as a perfect igniter as it will start to burn even when damp. This makes it a prized fire starter over most other wood types.

Here again, this makes for a perfect analogy. The birch asks us to serve our fellow man with a fire in our hearts. In this respect, the birch reminds us that even if our spirits are dampened by the set backs in life, we can always catch fire from the spark of passions that drive us to divinity.

https://www.whats-your-sign.com/celtic-meaning-birch-tree.html

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Mercury – Hazel – Kyria (Lady) Metis

Hazel

noun
1. Also called: cob
any of several shrubs or small trees of the N temperate genus Corylus, esp C. avellana, having oval serrated leaves and edible rounded brown nuts: family Corylaceae

Collins English Dictionary. Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers

Word origin of ‘hazel’
Old English hæsel; related to Old Norse hasl, Old High German hasala, Latin corylus, Old Irish coll

~~~

noun
1.
any of a genus (Corylus) of shrubs or trees of the birch family, bearing edible nuts

Webster’s New World College Dictionary, 4th Edition. Copyright © 2010 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. All rights reserved.

Word origin of ‘hazel’
ME hasel < OE hæsel, akin to Ger hasel < IE *kos(e)lo-, hazel > L corulus, hazel bush, OIr coll, hazel

Both from https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/hazel

~~~

“The Hazel (Corylus avellana) is one of the very oldest British native trees.” [1] “In 1995, evidence of large-scale Mesolithic nut processing, some 9,000 years old, was found in a midden pit on the island of Colonsay in Scotland. The evidence consists of a large, shallow pit full of the remains of hundreds of thousands of burned hazelnut shells. Hazelnuts have been found on other Mesolithic sites, but rarely in such quantities or concentrated in one pit. The nuts were radiocarbon dated to 7720+/-110BP, which calibrates to circa 6000 BC.
Similar sites in Britain are known only at Farnham in Surrey and Cass ny Hawin on the Isle of Man.” [2]

“Hazel is monoecious, meaning that both male and female flowers are found on the same tree, although hazel flowers must be pollinated by pollen from other hazel trees. … once pollinated by wind, the female flowers develop into oval fruits, which hang in groups of one to four. They mature into a nut with a woody shell surrounded by a cup of leafy bracts (modified leaves).” [3]

~~~

The tree is associated with the Goddess Brighid, goddess of wisdom and divine inspiration.

Ogham tree symbol – Coll, HazelHazel trees in hedgerows often grow in a bush-like form, especially when they are young. In woodlands they nearly always form multiple trunks, looking as if they might have been coppiced (which they sometimes are!). They form an important understorey of spreading green.
Pliable, straight shoots called ‘withies’ grow up from the base and these are cut for natural fencing, walking sticks, and pinned into shape for shepherd’s crooks while still growing.
They were once widely used to form the wattle in wattle and daub buildings. [1]

[1] http://www.ecoenchantments.co.uk/myogham_hazelpage.html
[2] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hazelnut

[3] https://www.woodlandtrust.org.uk/visiting-woods/trees-woods-and-wildlife/british-trees/native-trees/hazel/

~~~
One look at the hazel tree and it’s easy to see why the Celtic meaning of the hazel tree deals with creativity, and why the druids held it in such high regard amongst the Ogham ranks.

The hazel’s unusual branch formations make it a delight to ponder, and was often used for inspiration in art, as well as poetry.

The bards, ovates and druids of the Celtic day would intently observe its crazy curly-Q branches. Doing this would lead them into other worlds of delightful fantasy. [4]

[4] https://www.whats-your-sign.com/celtic-meaning-hazel-tree.html
~~~

Hazel is the Tree of Wisdom and Knowledge.and one of the ‘chieftain’ trees of the Irish Celtic tradition. The cutting down of an ancient hazel could once have been punishable by death!

The several legends of the sacred ‘Well of Knowledge’ surrounded by the ‘Nine Hazel Trees of Wisdom’ can be found easily in books and serious websites about Celtic mythology, but here it is in brief :

Seven Streams of Wisdom flow out from the Holy Well (said to be Connla’s Well or fountain near Tipperary) or The Otherworld Well, found on an island under the sea – as the source of seven Irish rivers.

Nine hazel trees hang over this well and they represent wisdom, inspiration, and poetry.

The leaves, flowers, and nuts all appear together, and fall into the waters of the well. They are eaten by the Salmon of Wisdom who swim in the well and make the long journey down from sea to rivers, returning to the well each year.

For every nut a salmon eats it develops a spot, and any person who eats one of these magical salmon, or drinks the well waters when the hazel nuts fall, will become wise. [5]

[5] http://www.ecoenchantments.co.uk/myogham_hazelpage.html

Interestingly, in modern times the hazel nut has proven itself to be a brain food. Pound for pound the hazel nut have double the protein, and good fats than eggs, making them natural nourishment for brain function.

When you are creatively stuck, or your intellectual growth seems [to] stagnate, call upon the energy of the hazel tree. Better yet, eat a few hazelnuts, or make a necklace from the nuts. Often such necklaces were worn for protection as well as to illicit visions. Likewise, hazelnuts were (still are) eaten just before engaging in divinatory, foretelling or meditative practices. [6]

[6] https://www.whats-your-sign.com/celtic-meaning-hazel-tree.html
Hazelnuts: 7 Benefits of These Heart-Healthy, Brain-Boosting Nuts
https://draxe.com/hazelnuts/
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Venus – Apple – Kyria (Lady) Tethys

Apple

noun
1.
a rosaceous tree, Malus sieversii, native to Central Asia but widely cultivated in temperate regions in many varieties, having pink or white fragrant flowers and firm rounded edible fruits

Collins English Dictionary. Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers

Word origin of ‘apple’
Old English æppel; related to Old Saxon appel, Old Norse apall, Old High German apful

~~~

noun
2.
any of the trees (genus Malus) of the rose family bearing this fruit, widely distributed in temperate regions

Webster’s New World College Dictionary, 4th Edition. Copyright © 2010 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. All rights reserved.

Word origin of ‘apple’
ME appel < OE æppel, fruit, apple (also, eyeball, anything round); akin to OIr aball (Welsh afall), apple tree

Both from https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/apple

~~~

Native crab apples were found in the remains of a bronze-age burial – and cultivated varieties were brought with the Roman ships – the types growing and pollinating together, gradually becoming the apples familiar to the kitchens and apothecaries of medieval Britain.

These grew in hedgerows and on the open edge of woodland.

Sadly, most of the old apple orchards, with their stands of naturally growing 30ft trees, amongst grass often grazed by a flock of sheep, are gone. We no longer see the old apple ladder propped against the branches at harvest time.

They’ve been replaced in the last couple of decades by commercial dwarf-grafted apple stock which is severely pruned and kept in check, no higher than a man [person], so that each apple may be picked standing.

Apple – a healing gift of the Gods, an age-old symbol of eternal youth, long life and renewal. Used and respected by wise, traditional healers from Scandinavia to North America.

As so often happens with the cures used by the old ones, modern research has proved the medicinal worth of the apple. In 2000, work done at the University of California showed that apples contain a powerful anti-oxidant.
Oxidation causes aging in body tissues. It’s now believed that the use of anti-oxidant flavenols can slow this inevitable process.

See: Apple Myth, Spirituality and Folklore Tradition

http://www.ecoenchantments.co.uk/myogham_applepage.html
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Jupiter – Oak – Kyria (Lady) Themis

Oak

noun
1.
any deciduous or evergreen tree or shrub of the fagaceous genus Quercus, having acorns as fruits and lobed leaves
See also holm oak, cork oak, red oak, Turkey oak, durmast

Collins English Dictionary. Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers

Word origin of ‘oak’
Old English āc; related to Old Norse eik, Old High German eih, Latin aesculus

~~~

noun
1.
any of a genus (Quercus) of large hardwood trees and bushes of the beech family, bearing acorns

Webster’s New World College Dictionary, 4th Edition. Copyright © 2010 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. All rights reserved.

Word origin of ‘oak’
ME oke < OE ac, akin to Ger eiche < IE base *aig-, oak > Gr aigilōps, a kind of oak

Both from https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/oak

~~~

Widespread throughout the British Isles and part of the ‘Sacred Triad’ of Oak, Ash and Thorn, and the Irish ‘Seven Noble Trees’, the oak has long been thought of as the King of the Woods. The tree of endurance, strength and triumph. The adjective ‘durable’ comes from the ancient Celtic name for the oak – Duir.

Our two native oaks, Quercus Robur (Common Oak) and Quercus Petracea (Sessile Oak) are common sights in our woodlands, and giant, centuries old trees still stand in our great woods and parklands.

The oak tree yields the strongest of woods, sought after through history to be fashioned into fine ships and the stoutest of ancient doors and weight-bearing beams. Despite its immense strength, oak is a wonderful wood to carve.

As fuel, it gives off a great heat and burns slowly. The magical ‘need-fire’ is always kindled from oak, sparked into life in times past by rubbing two oak sticks together. The fuel of the mid-summer solstice fire is traditionally oak as were the Vesta fires in the legends of Rome.
The great Yule log is an oak log, and part of it should be kept until the next winter to rekindle the yule-tide fire.

The Celts, Norsemen, Greeks and Romans all revered the tree.

http://www.ecoenchantments.co.uk/myogham_oakpage1.html

~~~

Ancient Celts observed the oak’s massive growth and impressive expanse. They took this as a clear sign that the oak was to be honored for its endurance, and noble presence.

In fact, wearing oak leaves was a sign of special status among the Celts (as well as ancient Greeks and Romans).

When you are in need of stability and strength in your life – envision the oak in your minds eye.

https://www.whats-your-sign.com/celtic-meaning-oak-tree.html

https://www.whats-your-sign.com/celtic-meaning-of-symbolic-trees.html

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Saturn – Alder – Kyria [Lady] Rhea

Alder

noun
1.
any N temperate betulaceous shrub or tree of the genus Alnus, having toothed leaves and conelike fruits. The bark is used in dyeing and tanning and the wood for bridges, etc because it resists underwater rot.

Collins English Dictionary. Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers

Word origin of ‘alder’
Old English alor; related to Old High German elira, Latin alnus

~~~

noun
any of a small group of rapidly growing trees and shrubs (genus Alnus) of the birch family, having toothed leaves and catkins, and growing in cool, moist soil in temperate and cold climates: the bark is used in dyeing and tanning, the wood is used for bridges and piles because it resists underwater rot, and the roots, which contain nitrogen-fixing organisms, help colonize raw soil.

Webster’s New World College Dictionary, 4th Edition. Copyright © 2010 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. All rights reserved.

Word origin of ‘alder’
ME alder, aller < OE alor, aler < IE base *el-: see elm
Word origin of ‘elm’
Old English elm; related to Old Norse almr, Old High German elm, Latin ulmus

Both from https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/alder

~~~

Alnus glutinosa is the only species in the genus native to the UK.
Alder is native to almost the whole of continental Europe (except for both the extreme north and south) as well as the United Kingdom and Ireland. Its natural habitat is moist ground near rivers, ponds and lakes and it thrives in damp, cool areas such as marshes, wet woodland and streams where its roots help to prevent soil erosion.

It can also grow in drier locations and sometimes occurs in mixed woodland and on forest edges. It grows well from seed and will quickly colonise bare ground. Because of its association with the nitrogen-fixing bacterium Frankia alni, it can grow in nutrient-poor soils where few other trees thrive.

Mythology and symbolism
Wet and swampy, alder woods, or carrs, were thought to have a mysterious atmosphere. The green dye from the flowers was used to colour and camouflage the clothes of outlaws like
Robin Hood, and was thought to also colour the clothes of fairies. When cut, the pale wood turns a deep orange, giving the impression of bleeding. As such, many people feared alder trees and the Irish thought it was unlucky to pass one on a journey.

https://www.woodlandtrust.org.uk/visiting-woods/trees-woods-and-wildlife/british-trees/native-trees/alder/

~~~

There isn’t a vast amount folklore associated with the watery alder trees. The Greek Gods Cronos and Phoroneus both held Alder to be sacred, and in Greek mythology Alder is a representative of fire.

The chief tale is one from pre-christian Wales and concerns Bran, known as ‘The Blessed’ who can be Bran, King of Britain – ‘The Mighty Kingdom’, or a Bran the God, or a Bran the Giant or all three.
The Alder is his sacred staff – his bird is the raven.

Robert Graves, in ‘The White Goddess’ explains that “Bran’s name was guessed by Gwydion from the sprigs of alder in his hand, because though ‘Bran’ and Gwern, the word for ‘alder’ used in the poem, do not sound similar, Gwydion knew that Bran, which meant ‘Crow’ or ‘Raven’, also meant ‘alder’ – the Irish is fearn, with the ‘f’ pronounced as ‘v’ – and that the alder was a sacred tree.’

The magic of the Fearn (pronounced verern) is that it spans the space between earth and water, with its roots in the two elements – so – that faery space of betwixt and between.

http://www.ecoenchantments.co.uk/myogham_alderpage.html

~~~

… ancient legend indicates the wood of the young alder is traditionally used for crafting whistles, pan flutes and recorders. This establishes the alder’s claim to the air element.

Within the realm of fire, the alder’s coloring transmutes into a fiery orange after it is cut, indicating to the Celts that the alder secretly harbors sacred flame within its flesh. To prove the point, the alder (although a poor firewood) makes a pristine grade of charcoal, and was perfect for steadily hot conditions utilized to forge fine Celtic weaponry.

In this respect the alder reminds us that we have hidden powers within us that if tapped, provide magnificent resources that allow us to live out our highest ideals.

… possesses the power of protection. It is good to connect with when you feel like you must remove negative energy in your life. It is also a strong tree for healing and meditation.

https://www.whats-your-sign.com/celtic-meaning-alder-tree.html
https://www.whats-your-sign.com/celtic-meaning-of-symbolic-trees.html
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Moon – Willow – Kyria (Lady) Phoebe

Willow

noun
1.
any of numerous salicaceous trees and shrubs of the genus Salix, such as the weeping willow and osiers of N temperate regions, which have graceful flexible branches, flowers in catkins, and feathery seeds.

Collins English Dictionary. Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers

Word origin of ‘willow’
Old English welig; related to wilige wicker basket, Old Saxon wilgia, Middle High German wilge, Greek helikē willow, helix twisted

~~~

noun
1.
a. any of a genus (Salix) of trees and shrubs of the willow family, having usually narrow leaves, single, slipper-shaped bud scales, and staminate and pistillate catkins borne on separate
plants: the flexible twigs of certain species are used in weaving baskets, chair seats, etc.

4.
designating a family (Salicaceae, order Salicales) of dicotyledonous trees and shrubs including poplars.
[ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salicaceae ]

Webster’s New World College Dictionary, 4th Edition. Copyright © 2010 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. All rights reserved.

Word origin of ‘willow’
ME wilwe < OE welig, akin to Du wilg < IE base *wel-, to turn, twist, bend > Gr helix, spiral, helikē, willow; (sense 3) orig. made of willow

Both from https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/willow

~~~

There are a great many willow species and about twenty are native to Britain. A common sight near water in the wild places as well as being widely planted in parks and gardens.

The tree’s amazing ability to take root from the tiniest twig roughly stuck into the earth, came to symbolise the hope of rebirth in many parts of the world. More affiliation can be found with the Roman Goddess Ceres and God Mercury, with the Greek Hera, the nymph and water magician Helice and with Persephone who Hecate served in the Underworld.
Willow is also linked to the Sumerian White Goddess of Moon and trees called Belili – and the Celtic Belinus and Bridgid.

Western traditions which evolved much later show willow as a sign or omen of unlucky love and the sadness of parting – probably because of weeping willow which appears to be bowing down with grief. The custom of wearing sprigs of willow in the hat, or pinned to clothing symbolised both these aspects, particularly when the loved one went way to war.

It was a Celtic belief that a white willow sapling might be planted above a grave so that the spirit could rise up through the fast growing branches to reach immortality. The Celts loved willow for as well as being an indispensable material, it was a source of fascination and dreams of moonlit enchantment in their poetry and music.

In parts of Britain, willow was supposed to have been the wood of the gallows, and in the Fens, using wood sawn or cut for building (other than coppiced withies) was considered unlucky.

http://www.ecoenchantments.co.uk/myogham_willowpage.html
https://www.whats-your-sign.com/celtic-meaning-willow-tree.html
https://www.woodlandtrust.org.uk/search/?Query=willow
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10.) Origin of Creatures Associated
Seek information

Jupiter (meaning Heavenly Father) is the god of the sky and thunder and king of the gods in Ancient Roman religion and mythology.
his primary sacred animal is the eagle,[2] which held precedence over other birds in the taking of auspices[3]
[2] Pliny Naturalis Historia X 16. A. Alföldi Zu den römischen Reiterscheiben in Germania 30 1952 p. 188 and n. 11 as cited by G. Dumézil La religion reomaine archaïque Paris 1974 2nd ed., It. tr. Milan 1977 (hereafter cited as ARR) p. 215 n. 58.
[3] Servius Ad Aeneidem II 374.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jupiter_(mythology)

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